Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, affects almost 70% of Canadians at some point in their lives (Canadian Dental Association). It is a reversible inflammation of the gums caused by plaque and tartar build-up on your teeth over a longer period of time. The disease increases in severity the longer it’s left untreated. Because it can range from a minor inflammation of the gums to major damage to your teeth, bones and soft tissue, it is best to diagnose and treat gum disease while it’s still in the earlier stages.
Gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease. It can go unrecognized by the patient because its symptoms are very subtle. This minor inflammation is rarely painful and might be only noticeable through red and swollen gums that bleed easily. A good professional dental cleaning is sufficient to remove the plaque and tartar build up which are causing the inflammation, putting a swift end to the disease.
The more advanced stage of gum disease is called Periodontitis. If you’re suffering from this more severe gum inflammation, you might notice your teeth getting looser and you may be experiencing sensitivity and pain while eating and drinking. To get the inflammation under control, a more vigorous cleaning procedure has to be performed, sometimes gum surgery may be required. The goal is to remove the hardened bacterial build-up from the teeth, under the gum line and from deep down the tooth root, helping the gum to reattach to clean and healthy teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can cause abscesses, tooth decay and in some cases even lead to tooth loss.
Some factors can increase one’s chances of developing gum disease, such as age, genetics, tobacco use, or teeth grinding. However, since everyone is prone to developing gum disease, it is essential to commit to regular dental visits for check-ups and cleanings. If you’re experiencing any of the following gum disease symptoms, book an appointment at Chaplin Dental now.
If you have gum disease, please consider visiting our Davisville clinic. We are located in Midtown Toronto, and our team of experienced dentists and staff will ensure you are provided with the best possible treatment. Contact us today!